The ability to prevent vein disease is limited. Since we cannot choose our family history, the greatest risk factor, we can only modify the other risk factors that contribute to the development of vein disease.
These risk factors include:
- Lack of exercise
- Hormone replacement therapy
- Long periods of standing
- Multiple pregnancies
When traveling, care should be taken to remain hydrated (by drinking plenty of water), and to stretch and move one's legs frequently. People at risk for blood clots should wear graduated-compression knee-high stockings during long car or plane trips.
At this time, there is no evidence that wearing compression stockings will prevent vein disease in people who do not already have venous disease. There is evidence that if a woman has venous disease and becomes pregnant, wearing compression will decrease the further development of varicose veins.